Bring an Old Mac to Life with OS X Server | The Mac Security Blog
An alternative to meddling with native macOS files and programs via Terminal is to run a sandboxed Linux virtual machine directly on your Mac. This is actually a great approach for any developer and is a best practice that I highly recommend, regardless of your skill set and level. Another viable alternative is Homebrew, but that whole setup can get a bit messy. To get started with Terminal, you can find the app located at:. Go ahead and open it. You should have a window with content that looks similar to this — your computer name followed by a colon, a tilde, and your Mac user name ending with a dollar sign:.
Enter the following command into Terminal to create your Sites directory:. And since most items in Terminal never really give any feedback, a handy command to list the contents of your current directory is ls. To list the contents of your Home directory, enter the following:.
Choosing a configuration
Sites will now be listed as one of the items within your Home directory. The command below will create a directory named foo within Sites :. Go ahead and repeat this action again, this time, to create a bar directory:. To ensure these directories exist, you can check again using:. Both foo and bar will be printed to Terminal. Now that the two test directories are present, we need some files for Apache to serve. To create this new file, use the touch command. This command allows you to create a new empty file or even change a timestamp on a file or directory:.
After executing the above command, an empty index. However, an empty index.
These commands tell nano to exit the file and to save to the current file name or, conversely you can press N when you want to close but do not want to save. Awesome, we have an index.
Instead of manipulating files via Finder, below is a great example of where Terminal can afford you some greater flexibility. Next, go ahead and open the file with nano:. Our first task is to create a new configuration file that helps tell Apache where to serve content from. This configuration file is actually your username on your Mac and ends with the.
For example, I would have to create a file titled John. Now that you know your username, navigate to the directory where we need to place this new file. This allows us to navigate into and out of our current working directory to wherever we need to go. Next, lets create the username. If the file exists, nano will open the existing file, otherwise, nano will open a blank text editor and it will allow us to save this file in our current working directory as the specified file name. As pointed out above in step 1, sudo is a special command that if used incorrectly or haphazardly, can damage and destroy system files.
Please proceed with caution! Without going into too much detail on Linux file permissions, the three numbers places for , listed above, represent the following:.
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For each user: Add associated "Email addresses" as required If the user is not going to administer the server make sure to UNTICK "administer this server" If the user is only accessing services e. Once a user has been created in the main user list you can select a user and click the cog button at the bottom for: Edit Access to Services… - if you click "Manage Service Access" here you can set on an individual basis what services can be accessed by that user otherwise all basic services are accessible to all users by default. It is recommended to manage services manually and set the services required for each individual user as required.
Edit Mail Options… - you can choose whether email for that user is stored locally or forwarded to a different address. Allow overrides using. This setting enables using custom. The site should then load. Sites are then listed in the list of Websites. The Apache service is most easily managed from the Server app, but there are too many options in Apache to really be able to put into a holistic graphical interface. Apache administrators from other platforms will be tempted to use the apachectl command to restart the Websites service.
Use Your Mac to Share a Web Site
Instead, use the serveradmin command to do so. I strongly recommend making all of your changes in the Server app when possible. For example, in this article I look at overriding some ports for some virtual sites that might conflict with other sites on your systems.
nttsystem.xsrv.jp/libraries/62/gibiv-iphone-7.php I also recommend keeping backups of all configuration files that are altered and a log of what was altered in each, in order to help piece the server back together should it become unconfigured miraculously when a softwareupdate -all is run next.